Energy Strategies, the Urban Dimension, and Spatial Planning

K. Asarpota, V. Nadin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)
66 Downloads (Pure)


The UN Paris Agreement of November 2016 recognises the need for a ‘cleaner and more efficient energy system’ as a core policy goal to address climate change. The spatial and urban form of cities is a key factor in achieving more efficient energy production and consumption and becomes more important with rapid urbanisation across much of the world. City urban form and planning are therefore potentially powerful levers for the energy transition. This paper examines the extent to which city ‘energy strategies’ address the critical spatial and urban form characteristics of cities as a means to achieve a more efficient energy system. We construct an assessment framework of key aspects of the spatial and urban development of cities related to transport and accessibility and urban form. The framework is used to assess the degree to which energy strategies take into consideration aspects of urban development in four cities that are taking significant action on the energy policy: Hong Kong Oakland, Oslo, and Vancouver. We conclude that in these cities there is only fragmentary consideration of the potential of shaping spatial and urban form in the interests of energy efficiency
Original languageEnglish
Article number3642
Number of pages25
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • City governance
  • Energy strategy
  • Energy transition
  • Spatial planning
  • Urban form


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