Energy transition in aviation: the role of cryogenic fuels

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Aviation is the backbone of our modern society. In 2019, around 4.5 billion passengers travelled through the air. However, at the same time, aviation was also responsible for around 5% of anthropogenic causes of global warming. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the aviation sector in the short term is clearly very high, but the long-term effects are still unknown. However, with the increase in global GDP, the number of travelers is expected to increase between three-to four-fold by the middle of this century. While other sectors of transportation are making steady progress in decarbonizing, aviation is falling behind. This paper explores some of the various options for energy carriers in aviation and particularly highlights the possibilities and challenges of using cryogenic fuels/energy carriers such as liquid hydrogen (LH 2) and liquefied natural gas (LNG).

Original languageEnglish
Article number181
Pages (from-to)1-24
Number of pages24
JournalAerospace — Open Access Aeronautics and Astronautics Journal
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Aviation
  • Cryogenic fuels
  • Energy transition
  • Hybrid aircraft
  • Liquefied natural gas
  • Liquid hydrogen
  • Sustainable aviation


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