Enhanced Real-Time Multi-Terminal HVDC Power System Benchmark Models with Performance Evaluation Strategies

A. Shetgaonkar*, T. Karmokar, M. Popov, A. Lekić

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Real-time simulations have become a crucial tool for life cycle studies of VSC-based HVDC systems. This paper introduces real-time Multi-Terminal HVDC (MTDC) power [1] system network models with real-time wind pro le feedback. It addresses the shortcomings of existing benchmark network models and lls the modeling gaps. ® RSCAD/RTDS environment represents the real-time modeling techniques for studying the life cycle of Bipolar Metallic Return con guration of HVDC systems. This paper evaluates the performance of the proposed network model using unscheduled events, startup, and black start events. Future studies can be conducted using the proposed network models by mimicking the actual performance of cable-based DC grids while considering the computational insights from this paper. The ndings of this paper shall enable the identi cation of various stress points that can be utilized to specify technical requirements for component design and AC/DC protection studies concerning startup and black start sequence.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages29
JournalCIGRE Science and Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • AC/DC Protection
  • Metallic Return
  • Multi-Terminal DC
  • RTS model
  • SIL


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