Enhancing emergency response planning for natech accidents in process operations using functional resonance analysis method (FRAM): A case of fuel storage tank farm

Qiaohong Zheng, Xinwang Liu*, Ming Yang*, Weizhong Wang, Arie Adriaensen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Recent increases in climate-induced natural disasters have amplified the risk of Natech (natural hazard-triggered technological) accidents, particularly in the chemical industry. These emergencies, characterized by their urgency and resource constraints, pose significant challenges for emergency planning. The Functional Resonance Analysis Method (FRAM) offers a systematic approach to enhance emergency response strategies. This study introduces a FRAM-based methodology specifically designed for fuel storage tank farms, structured into four critical stages: understanding, designing, analyzing, and enhancing the response process. It promotes a cycle of continuous improvement. A case study on a seismic Natech incident at a fuel storage facility demonstrates the methodology's effectiveness and its potential to boost the resilience of emergency response systems against Natech challenges.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)514-527
Number of pages14
JournalProcess Safety and Environmental Protection
Volume188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • Emergency response planning
  • FRAM
  • Fuel storage tank farm
  • Natech
  • Performance variability

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