Interlaying thermoplastic veils into carbon fibre/epoxy composites has proved to significantly increase the interlaminar fracture toughness. The main toughening mechanism is thermoplastic fibre bridging for the non-meltable veils and matrix toughening for the meltable veils. Herein, to take advantage of different toughening mechanisms, hybrid meltable/non-meltable thermoplastic veils were used to interlay two types of aerospace-grade composites produced from unidirectional (UD) prepregs and resin transfer moulding of non-crimp carbon fibre fabrics (NCF). The mode-I and mode-II fracture behaviour of the interleaved laminates were investigated. The experimental results demonstrated outstanding toughening performance of the hybrid veils for the mode-I fracture behaviour of the UD laminates and for both of the mode-I and mode-II fracture behaviour of the NCF laminates, resulting from the combination of different toughening mechanisms. For example, the maximum increases in the mode-I and mode-II fracture energies of the NCF laminates were observed to be 273% and 206%, respectively.
- Carbon fibre/epoxy composites
- Fracture toughness.
- Hybrid toughening
- Thermoplastic veils