Ultrasound is widely used in medical imaging, and photo-acoustics is an upcoming imaging modality for the diagnosis of diseases. Future applications require a large matrix of small, sensitive, and broadband ultrasound sensors. However, current high-end systems still use piezo-electric material to detect ultrasound, with limited sensitivity and bandwidth. Silicon photonic circuits can meet the requirements of size, bandwidth, and scalability when designed as ultrasound sensors. Namely, a silicon photonic waveguide deforms when the ultrasound pressure waves impinge on it, leading to a change in effective refractive index, ne, due to geometrical and photo-elastic effects . However, these effects are weak, which limits the intrinsic sensitivity of silicon photonic ultrasound sensors . To significantly enhance sensitivity, silicon waveguides have been combined with acousto-mechanical structures, which achieved acoustomechanical-noise-limited sensing , but this is not compatible with standard photonic platforms. Besides that, recent demonstrations of waveguides coated with polymers also improved sensitivity of the silicon photonic ultrasound sensors significantly, but not sufficient to reach acoustomechnical-noise-limited sensing . Here, we study the effect of mechanical and opto-mechanical properties of polymer claddings on the sensitivity of silicon photonic ultrasound sensors. Our aim is to enhance the sensitivity of these devices by implementing tailored polymer coatings. First, we model the refractive index sensitivity of these type of waveguides, i.e. the change in effective refractive index ne due to the incident ultrasound plane-wave with a pressure P, and we (Equation presented) where nc, p12, E, and v are refractive index, elasto-optic coefficient, Young's modulus (stiffness), and Poisson's ratio of the cladding material, respectively. We assume the change in cladding index dominates sensitivity.
|Title of host publication
|Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference, CLEO/Europe-EQEC 2023
|Number of pages
|Published - 2023
|2023 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference, CLEO/Europe-EQEC 2023 - Munich, Germany
Duration: 26 Jun 2023 → 30 Jun 2023
|2023 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe and European Quantum Electronics Conference, CLEO/Europe-EQEC 2023
|26/06/23 → 30/06/23
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