Entanglement Distribution with Minimal Memory Requirements Using Time-Bin Photonic Qudits

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The generation of multiple entangled qubit pairs between distributed nodes is a prerequisite for a future quantum Internet. To achieve a practicable generation rate, standard protocols based on photonic qubits require multiple long-term quantum memories, which remains a significant experimental challenge. In this paper, we propose a novel protocol based on 2m-dimensional time-bin photonic qudits that allows for the simultaneous generation of multiple (m) entangled pairs between two distributed qubit registers and we outline a specific implementation of the protocol based on cavity-mediated spin-photon interactions. By adopting the qudit protocol, the required qubit memory time is independent of the transmission loss between the nodes, in contrast to standard qubit approaches. As such, our protocol can significantly boost the performance of near-term quantum networks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number040319
Pages (from-to)14
JournalPRX Quantum
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022


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