BiFeO3 is an interesting multiferroic material with potential use in sensors and transducers. However, the high coercive field and low dielectric strength of this material make the poling process extremely difficult. Poling becomes a lot easier if the ceramic particles are incorporated in a non-conductive polymer with comparable dielectric properties. In this work, unstructured composites consisting of BiFeO3 particles in a non-piezoactive PVDF terpolymer matrix are made with a ceramic volume fraction ranging from 20% to 60%. The highest piezoelectric charge and voltage constant values (d33 = 31 pC/N and g33 = 47 mV m/N) are obtained for a BiFeO3-PVDF terpolymer composite with a volume fraction of 60%. The Poon model is chosen to analyse the volume fraction dependence of the dielectric constant while the modified Yamada model is used to analyse the piezoelectric charge constant data. It is concluded that the maximum possible piezoelectric constant for bulk BiFeO3 can be as high as 56 pC/N.
- Bismuth Ferrite
- Polymer composites