ETVO: Effectively Measuring Tactile Internet With Experimental Validation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


The next frontier in communications is <italic>teleoperation</italic> &#x2013; manipulation and control of remote environments with haptic feedback. Compared to conventional networked applications, teleoperation poses widely different requirements, ultra-low latency (ULL) is primary. Realizing ULL communication demands significant redesign of conventional networking techniques, and the network infrastructure envisioned for achieving this is termed as <italic>Tactile Internet</italic> (TI). The design of meaningful performance metrics is crucial for seamless TI communication. However, existing performance metrics fall severely short of comprehensively characterizing TI performance due to their inability to capture how well sensed signals are reproduced. We take Dynamic Time Warping(DTW) as the basis of our work and identify necessary changes for characterizing TI performance. Through substantial refinements to DTW, we design <italic>Effective Time- and Value-Offset (ETVO)</italic> &#x2013; a new method for measuring the fine-grained performance of TI systems. Through an in-depth objective analysis, we demonstrate the improvements of ETVO over DTW. Through subjective experiments, we demonstrate that existing QoS and QoE methods fall short of estimating the TI session performance accurately. Using subjective experiments, we demonstrate the behavior of the proposed metrics, their ability to match theoretically derived performance, and finally, their ability to reflect user satisfaction in a practical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2023


  • Delays
  • Measurement
  • QoS
  • Quality of experience
  • Quality of service
  • Reliability
  • Surgery
  • tactile internet
  • Tactile Internet
  • user experience


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