Evaluation of flood risk reduction strategies through combinations of interventions

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Large, complex coastal regions often require a combination of interventions to lower the risk of flooding to an acceptable level. In practice, a limited number of strategies are considered and interdependencies between interventions are often simplified. This paper presents the Multiple Lines of Defence Optimization System (MODOS)‐model. This quick, probabilistic model simulates and evaluates the impact of many flood risk reduction strategies while accounting for interdependencies amongst measures. The simulation includes hydraulic calculations, damage calculations, and the effects of measures for various return periods. The application and potential of this model is shown with a conceptual and simplified case study, based on the Houston‐Galveston Bay area. The analyses demonstrate how the MODOS‐model identifies trade‐offs within the system and shows how flood risk, cost, and impact respond to flood management decisions. This improved understanding of the impact of design and planning choices can benefit the discussions in finding the optimal flood risk reduction strategy for coastal regions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number12506
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Flood Risk Management
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018


  • exploratory modelling
  • flood risk reduction
  • flood simulation
  • Houston-Galveston Bay
  • multi-objective evaluation
  • multiple lines of defence
  • risk assessment

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