Evaluation of the effectiveness and compatibility of nanolime consolidants with improved properties

Giovanni Borsoi, Barbara Lubelli, Rob van Hees, R Veiga, A Santos Silva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Surface consolidation is a common practice in the conservation of the built heritage. However, the effectiveness of consolidation of calcareous materials is often doubtful, due to the lack of effective and compatible consolidation products. Dispersions of calcium hydroxide nanoparticles in alcohol, the so-called nanolimes, can recover the superficial consolidation of calcareous substrates. Nevertheless, they are often not able to guarantee an in-depth consolidation. Previous research by the authors has demonstrated that the effectiveness of nanolime can be improved by fine-tuning the properties and the application protocol of the dispersions, based on the moisture transport properties of the material to be treated. In this paper, we verify the consolidation effectiveness and physical compatibility of the developed nanolimes, when applied on coarse porous calcareous materials like Maastricht limestone and lime-based mortars. The results show that a suitable mass consolidation can be achieved with nanolimes, while maintaining a good compatibility with the substrate material.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-394
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017


  • Calcareous substrates
  • Compatibility
  • Consolidation
  • Effectiveness
  • Nanolime

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