Evaluation of Ultrasonic Stress Wave Transmission in Cylindrical Roller Bearings for Acoustic Emission Condition Monitoring

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Abstract

In the condition monitoring of bearings using acoustic emission (AE), the restriction to solely instrument one of the two rings is generally considered a limitation for detecting signals originating from defects on the opposing non-instrumented ring or its interface with the rollers due to the signal energy loss. This paper presents an approach to evaluate transmission in low-speed roller bearings for application in passive ultrasound monitoring. An analytical framework to describe the propagation and transmission of ultrasonic waves through the geometry and interfaces of a bearing is presented. This framework has been used to evaluate the transmission of simulated damage signals in an experiment with a static bearing. The results suggest that low- to mid-frequency signals (<200 kHz), when passing through the rollers and their interfaces from one raceway to the other, can retain enough energy to be potentially detected. An average transmission loss in the range of 10–15 dB per interface was experimentally observed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1500
Number of pages14
JournalSensors
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • acoustic emission
  • low-speed roller bearings
  • structural health monitoring
  • elastic stress waves

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