Evaluation on out-of-plane shear stiffness and ultimate capacity of perfobond connector

Yangqing Liu, Sihao Wang, Haohui Xin, Yuqing Liu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Perfobond shear connectors (PBLs) are increasingly applied in steel-concrete composite structures. The out-of-plane (lateral) shear behavior of PBLs is still unknown to researchers and designers, although the connectors undertake considerable out-of-plane shear forces in some applications. Thus, push-out tests with three specimens were first conducted to investigate the lateral shear performance of PBLs and further used to validate the corresponding numerical models. The test results show that perforated rebars and concrete dowels are irrelevant to the lateral shear capacity, while they can reduce the separations and improve the ductility. Secondly, parametric FEA (finite element analysis) models for the push-out tests were built and validated based on the test results. The plastic strains in concrete mainly develop at the regions close to the fillet welds. Further, 144 extended FEA models with varying height, length, and thickness of perfobond plates and concrete compressive strength were conducted to reveal the lateral shear mechanism of PBLs. By enlarging the plate height, the lateral shear capacity slightly increases, while the shear stiffness remains as constant. The shear capacity and stiffness increase with the plate length and thickness, as well as the concrete compressive strength. Finally, based on the existing shear capacity equations for channel and angle connectors, and the theory of elastic foundation beams, the expressions for the lateral shear capacity and stiffness of PBLs were put forward. The proposed equations agree with the results of the parametric study.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105850
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Composite structures
  • Finite element analysis
  • Lateral shear capacity
  • Lateral shear stiffness
  • Perfobond connector
  • Push-out test


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