Examining the “time-zero” of autogenous shrinkage in high/ultra-high performance cement pastes

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Abstract

The term “Time-zero”, i.e., the time for the start of autogenous shrinkage measurement, is usually used for estimating the cracking potential of structural components. Accurate determination of the “time-zero” is therefore critical for autogenous shrinkage measurement, which is the main objective of this study. There is a general agreement about the existence of a relationship between autogenous shrinkage and RH changes in hardening cement paste. An improved hygrometer method was developed for monitoring the change of internal RH in cement pastes 1 h after casting. This provides immediate experimental results of RH change for determining the “time-zero”. It indicates that the internal RH of cement pastes does not decrease immediately after the final setting time. A new “time-zero” is defined as the onset of internal RH drop, which is more reasonable for estimating the cracking potential of cement-based materials, compared to the “time-zero” represented by the final setting time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-114
Number of pages8
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Volume97
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Autogenous shrinkage
  • High (ultra-high) performance cement paste
  • Internal relative humidity
  • Numerical simulation
  • “time-zero”

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