Experimental Determination of Thrust Loading of a 2-Bladed Vertical Axis Wind Turbine

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Large floating offshore wind turbines are beginning to show promise as a technology with several pilot projects being completed in recent years with more on the near horizon. Due to the complexities of the floating configuration there are substantial costs associated with the platform and mooring systems for these types of deep water machines. The vertical axis wind turbine has been proposed as a potential solution for lowering the overall costs of turbine installations. This is achieved through a lower center of gravity and a greater tolerance to platform motions than an equivalent horizontal axis machine. The cost of the platform system is related to the overturn moment of the turbine in crucial operational states. The largest contribution to this moment is the rotor thrust. In this work, an experimental wind tunnel model has been made to study the loading of a 2-bladed H-type VAWT. The model is capable of individual active pitch control and is equipped with sensors to measure thrust and side loading with respect to the turbine. This paper introduces the experimental wind tunnel model referred to as PitchVAWT, discusses the method of determining rotor thrust and side loads, and presents measured results for a fixed pitch case with varying tip speed ratio. The data presented will be made available for further evaluation and potential validation of turbine numerical codes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number022043
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jun 2018
EventTORQUE 2018: The Science of Making Torque from Wind - Milano, Italy
Duration: 20 Jun 201822 Jun 2018

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