Experimental Investigation of Aerodynamic Interactions of a Wing with Deployed Fowler Flap under Influence of a Propeller Slipstream

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Abstract

Experiments were performed using a wall-to-wall unswept and untapered wing with a single slotted flap and a propeller, to obtain a validation dataset and gain insight into primary flow phenomena in propeller-wing-flap interactions. Measurements were taken using pressure taps, a wake rake and oil flow visualization, for several flap deflections (0, 15 and 30 degrees) and thrust settings (unpowered, J = 0.8 / T c = 1.05 and J = 1.0 / T c = 0.45). Similarity of the measured data to similar experiments was poor, which was believed to be due to the low Reynolds number of Re = 6e5 and sensitivity of local measurements due to occurrence of stall cells. Oil flow visualizations showed significant induction of flow separation from nacelle-wing interactions in unpowered conditions, traced to boundary layer growth. For powered cases it was shown that both sides of the deployed flap are immersed in the part of the slipstream that passes the pressure side of the main element. This part of the slipstream deforms significantly before it reaches the flap and thus results in complex spanwise variations for the flap flow. This stresses the need to investigate slipstream development in propeller-wing-flap systems and the effects on flap flow specifically to gain in-depth understanding of the interactions. The results presented in this paper expose the inherent complexity of investigating propeller-wing-flap systems and gaining viable validation data, and might serve to guide for future investigations of propeller-wing-flap systems.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIAA AVIATION 2022 Forum
Subtitle of host publicationJune 27-July 1, 2022, Chicago, IL & Virtual
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc. (AIAA)
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-62410-635-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
EventAIAA AVIATION 2022 Forum - Chicago, United States
Duration: 27 Jun 20221 Jul 2022

Publication series

NameAIAA AVIATION 2022 Forum

Conference

ConferenceAIAA AVIATION 2022 Forum
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityChicago
Period27/06/221/07/22

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.

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