Experimental study of realistic low–noise technologies applied to a full–scale nose landing gear

Roberto Merino-Martínez*, John Kennedy, Gareth J. Bennett

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
66 Downloads (Pure)


The landing gear system is the dominant airframe noise source for most modern commercial aircraft during approach. This manuscript reports the results from the ALLEGRA (Advanced Low Noise Landing (Main and Nose) Gear for Regional Aircraft) project. This project assessed the performance of several highly realistic low–noise technologies (LNTs) applied to a detailed full–scale nose landing gear (NLG) model in aeroacoustic wind–tunnel experiments. Four individual low–noise concepts tested, namely a ramp door spoiler, a solid wheel axle fairing, wheel hub caps, and multiple perforated fairings. Combinations and small variations of some of these LNTs were also evaluated. The use of multiple planar microphone arrays allowed for the application of 2D and 3D acoustic imaging algorithms to assess the location and strength of the noise sources within the NLG system in different emission directions for each configuration. The wheel axle, the inner wheel hubs, the steering pinions and the torque link were identified as the noisiest NLG elements. The solid wheel axle fairing was the most effective individual LNT, and it improved its performance when applied in combination with the ramp door spoiler and wheel hub caps, reaching overall noise reductions of more than 4 dBA.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106705
JournalAerospace Science and Technology
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Acoustic imaging
  • Aeroacoustics
  • Landing gear noise
  • Low noise technologies
  • Wind–tunnel measurements


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