Experimental tools for railway crossing condition monitoring (crossing condition monitoring tools)

Xiangming Liu, V. L. Markine, H. Wang, I. Y. Shevtsov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Two experimental tools to measure the railway crossing dynamic responses are presented. One system is ESAH-M equipped with a 3-D accelerometer and a speed detection sensor that featured for crossing instrumentation and characterised by fast installation/uninstallation, automatic data recording and processing. The other system is a Digital Image Correlation (DIC) based Video Gauge System (VGS) that record the dynamic displacements of the rail/sleepers. A number of measurements have been performed aiming to explore the feasibility of these experimental tools, establish the relation between the measured dynamic responses and condition of the monitored crossings and estimate the effectiveness of crossing maintenances. The measurements based on crossing instrumentation show that the crossing degradation process can be described using the dynamic responses. The wayside monitoring in different problematic track sections have shown the capability of detecting and quantifying ballast conditions. Both systems will be further applied in long-term monitoring of railway crossings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)424-435
Number of pages12
JournalMeasurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018


  • Condition monitoring
  • Crossing instrumentation
  • Railway crossing
  • Structural health monitoring system
  • Wayside monitoring


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