Exploring Multiple Perspectives in Citizenship Education with a Serious Game

Erik Blokland, Caroline Cullinan, Doreen Mulder*, Willie Overman, Marin Visscher, Amir Zaidi, Mijael R. Bueno Pérez, Rafael Bidarra

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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Within citizenship education, a new focus is being laid upon what is expected of citizens within a diverse and lightning-fast society: more emphasis is placed on teaching students how to understand and respect other people’s opinions, regardless of how they may contrast with one’s own. However, learning to be tolerant with others’ viewpoints comes with hurdles, as currently it is quite easy to become stuck within one’s own worldview. We developed Diermocratie, an in-classroom game aimed at encouraging a more open conversation, which breaks through these hurdles and addresses key competencies such as empathy and argumentation. By role-playing metaphors that parallel real-world events, students explore their own predispositions, are made aware of the perspectives of others, and are enabled to discuss issues objectively. From a preliminary evaluation, most students could identify the parallelism between the in-game metaphor and real-world situations. They also indicated that the game motivates them to further talk to each other, approaching sensitive topics among them.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInteractive Storytelling - 14th International Conference on Interactive Digital Storytelling, ICIDS 2021, Proceedings
EditorsAlex Mitchell, Mirjam Vosmeer
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-92300-6
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-92299-3
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event14th International Conference on Interactive Digital Storytelling, ICIDS 2021 - Tallinn, Estonia
Duration: 7 Dec 202110 Dec 2021

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume13138 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference14th International Conference on Interactive Digital Storytelling, ICIDS 2021

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Citizenship education
  • Diversity
  • Multiple perspectives
  • Serious games


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