Extending the NOEL-V Platform with a RISC-V Vector Processor for Space Applications

Stefano Di Mascio*, Alessandra Menicucci, Eberhard Gill, Claudio Monteleone

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

13 Downloads (Pure)


This paper describes the work carried out to extend the NOEL-V platform to include data-level parallelism (DLP) by implementing an integer subset of the RISC-V Vector Extension. The performance and resource utilization efficiency of the resulting vector processor for different levels of DLP (i.e., number of lanes) have been compared to the baseline scalar processor on a Xilinx Kintex Ultrascale field-programmable gate array, employing typical kernels for compute-intensive applications. The role of the memory subsystem has also been investigated, comparing the results obtained with a low-latency and a high-latency main memory. The results show that the speed-up due to the use of the vector pipeline increases with the number of lanes in the vector processor, achieving up to 23.0× the performance of the scalar processor with only 4.3× the resources of the baseline scalar processor. Using an implementation with 32 lanes increases performance even for problem sizes larger than the number of lanes, achieving up to more than 11.7× the performance of the scalar processor with just 1.9× its resource utilization for 128 × 128 matrix multiplications. This work proves that implementations of the selected subset are easily scalable and fit for small-processor implementations in highly constrained space embedded systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)565-574
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Aerospace Information Systems
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.

Cite this