Flood watermarks stipulate peak water depths from a flood event, indicating a magnitude of inundation that took place. Such information is invaluable for instantiation and validation of urban flood models. However, collecting and processing such data from land surveys can be costly and time-consuming. New remote sensing and data processing technologies offer improved opportunities to address these issues. The present paper deals with the new structure from motion (SfM) technology and its application in extracting flood watermarks. For this purpose, the first of its kind, side-view SfM surveys with two mobile units were utilised. Survey works were carried out in the vicinity of Ayutthaya heritage area (Thailand) and data obtained were used for setting up numerical models and simulations of the 2011 flood event. The work undertaken demonstrates the significant capability of SfM technology for extraction of flood watermarks. With such technology, it was possible to indicate façades, low-level structures, and susceptible openings, which in turn have improved schematizations of two-dimensional (2D) flood models. The resulting model simulations were found to be more accurate (i.e., more close to the measurements of flood watermarks) than those obtained from models with conventional top-view light detection and ranging (LiDAR) data.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Computers, Environment and Urban Systems|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2017|