Extraction of polysaccharides by autohydrolysis of spent coffee grounds and evaluation of their antioxidant activity

Lina F. Ballesteros, José A. Teixeira, S.I. Mussatto Dragone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The extraction of polysaccharides by autohydrolysis of spent coffee grounds (SCG) was studied. Experimental assays were performed using different temperatures (160–200 °C), liquid/solid ratios (5–15 ml water/g SCG) and extraction times (10–50 min) in order to determine the conditions that maximize the extraction of polysaccharides with high antioxidant activity. Autohydrolysis was demonstrated to be an efficient technique to recover antioxidant polysaccharides from SCG. The best process conditions consisted in using 15 ml water/g SCG, during 10 min at 160 °C. The polysaccharides obtained under these conditions were mainly in the form of galactomannans and arabinogalactans. They presented high antioxidant activity (assessed by four different methods), were thermostable in a large range of temperature, and had a typical carbohydrate pattern, being of interest for industrial applications, mainly in the food area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-266
Number of pages9
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume157
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2017

Keywords

  • Antioxidant activity
  • Autohydrolysis
  • Polysaccharides
  • Spent coffee grounds
  • Structural properties

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