Fabrication and characterization of self-healing microcapsules containing bituminous rejuvenator by a nano-inorganic/organic hybrid method

Ying Yuan Wang, Jun Feng Su, Erik Schlangen, Ning Xu Han, Shan Han, Wei Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aging problem of bitumen leads to pavement failure after years of usage. Microcapsules containing rejuvenator is a promising chemical product applied to improve the self-healing ability of bitumen. The aim of this work was to fabricate and characterize the self-healing microcapsules containing bituminous rejuvenator with nano-inorganic/organic hybrid shells. The shell had a two-layer structure: the inside layer material was the cross-linked methanol modified melamine-formaldehyde (MMF) resin and the outside materials was composed of methanol modified MMF resin and nano-particles of calcium carbonate (nano-CaCO3). The forming mechanism of the two-layer structure was described based on a twice-condensation process. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS) results confirmed the nano-inorganic/organic hybrid structure of shells. The ideal content of nano-CaCO3 particles was optimized through the morphologies observation. The addition of nano-CaCO3 particles did not greatly influence the mean size of microcapsules. On the contrary, the nano-CaCO3 particles increased the shell thickness of microcapsules owing to the loosely composite structure of shells. Thermal stability tests showed that the microcapsules could survive in the bitumen with a temperature of 200 °C. Moreover, the microcapsules could resist a violent temperature change process without destruction attributing to the protection of nano-CaCO3 particles. The nano-particles on microcapsules decreased the deformation possibility of shells tested by nanoindentation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)471-482
Number of pages12
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume121
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2016

Keywords

  • Bitumen
  • Microcapsules
  • Nano-composite
  • Rejuvenator
  • Self-healing

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