Facile Synthesis toward the Optimal Structure-Conductivity Characteristics of the Argyrodite Li6PS5Cl Solid-State Electrolyte

Chuang Yu, Swapna Ganapathy, Jart Hageman, Lambert Van Eijck, Ernst R.H. Van Eck, Long Zhang, Tammo Schwietert, Shibabrata Basak, Erik M. Kelder, Marnix Wagemaker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

69 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The high Li-ion conductivity of the argyrodite Li6PS5Cl makes it a promising solid electrolyte candidate for all-solid-state Li-ion batteries. For future application, it is essential to identify facile synthesis procedures and to relate the synthesis conditions to the solid electrolyte material performance. Here, a simple optimized synthesis route is investigated that avoids intensive ball milling by direct annealing of the mixed precursors at 550 °C for 10 h, resulting in argyrodite Li6PS5Cl with a high Li-ion conductivity of up to 4.96 × 10-3 S cm-1 at 26.2 °C. Both the temperature-dependent alternating current impedance conductivities and solid-state NMR spin-lattice relaxation rates demonstrate that the Li6PS5Cl prepared under these conditions results in a higher conductivity and Li-ion mobility compared to materials prepared by the traditional mechanical milling route. The origin of the improved conductivity appears to be a combination of the optimal local Cl structure and its homogeneous distribution in the material. All-solid-state cells consisting of an 80Li2S-20LiI cathode, the optimized Li6PS5Cl electrolyte, and an In anode showed a relatively good electrochemical performance with an initial discharge capacity of 662.6 mAh g-1 when a current density of 0.13 mA cm-2 was used, corresponding to a C-rate of approximately C/20. On direct comparison with a solid-state battery using a solid electrolyte prepared by the mechanical milling route, the battery made with the new material exhibits a higher initial discharge capacity and Coulombic efficiency at a higher current density with better cycling stability. Nevertheless, the cycling stability is limited by the electrolyte stability, which is a major concern for these types of solid-state batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33296-33306
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • argyrodite
  • conductivity
  • solid-state batteries
  • structure
  • sulfide solid electrolyte

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