Factors associated with excessive migration in bone impaction hip revision surgery: A radiostereometric analysis study

RGHH Nelissen, ER Valstar, RG Pöll, EH Garling, R Brand

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    A prospective radiostereometric analysis (RSA) study of 18 patients with cemented revision hip surgery and impaction grafting with an Exeter stem was done with a follow-up of 2 years for all patients. All factors that could influence migration (ie, micromotion) of the stem were analyzed with a repeated measurements analysis of variance. Two groups could be identified: a stable group and a continuous migrating group. Two factors significantly influenced micromotion during the fol-low- up measurements. The first factor was the Paprosky classification (the bigger the defect, the higher the micromotion). The second factor was cement mantle defects in >=1 Gruen zones. The migrating hip stems had more Gruen zones with cement mantle defects (45%) compared with the stable prostheses (21%). The effect of the first factor on micromotion was limited and probably clinically less relevant. Because the cement mantle defects found in this study were caused by poor instrumentation, the second factor stresses the importance of good instrumentation, which is essential to make this technically demanding technique effective in creating a stable stem¿ allograft construct in the defective femoral canal. Key words: migration, cemented hip revision, tapered polished stems, bone impaction grafting.
    Original languageUndefined/Unknown
    Pages (from-to)826-833
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

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