Fatigue and extreme load reduction of wind turbine components using smart rotors

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23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper the reductions of fatigue and extreme loads of wind turbine components are analysed. An individual flap controller was designed to reduce cyclic loads. The load reduction potential was computed for power production and start-up load cases with normal and extreme turbulence, extreme gust events, and direction changes according to the certification specifications. Additional to the highly investigated reduction of the blade root fatigue damage equivalent load, also significant reductions could be shown for both shaft and tower loads. When applying smart rotors, most components experience a fatigue load reduction of 5–15%, with the exception of the flapwise blade root moment, which is decreased by 23.8% and the blade root torsional moment which increases 14%. For the simulated ultimate loads, the flapwise root bending moment is reduced by 8%, while tip deflections get reduced by 6%. The most significant extreme load reduction can be found for loads in the tower that relate to asymmetry of the inflow, namely tower torsion and the fore-aft moment at the tower top. The blade root torsional moment is increased significantly. The changes in the ultimate load of all other components remain below 2%
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84–95
JournalJournal of Wind Engineering & Industrial Aerodynamics
Volume154
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Load alleviation
  • Wind turbine aeroelasticity
  • Smart rotor

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