Fatigue crack propagation simulation of orthotropic bridge deck based on extended finite element method

Ravi Shankar Gupta, Haohui Xin, Milan Veljkovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
37 Downloads (Pure)


Orthotropic Steel Decks (OSDs) are widely used in various types of steel bridges due to its benefits of light weight, high load bearing capacity and speedy construction. However, fatigue remains as the predominant problem for OSDs. Many researchers have investigated fatigue issues of welded joints through experiments but is not a cost-effective solution. Therefore, it is necessary to combine experimental data with numerical approaches. Fracture mechanics approach has already shown its reliability and can be used to model and analyze fatigue crack propagation. In this paper, a numerical simulation is performed to predict the fatigue crack propagation using extended finite element method (XFEM). Two numerical models were considered namely CT-specimen and OSD, to evaluate the modelling efficiency. To verify the simulation, the results were compared with the experimental data. In predicting the fatigue crack propagation rate using two-dimensional CT-specimen, numerical results provided a good agreement with a maximum difference of 0.03% in the slope (m) and 1.48% in the intercept (C) of the power law equation. Furthermore, a simulation was performed on three-dimensional OSD structure to predict the fatigue crack growth.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283 - 290
Number of pages8
JournalProcedia Structural Integrity
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventFirst International Symposium on Risk Analysis and Safety of Complex Structures and Components - Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Porto , Portugal
Duration: 1 Jul 20192 Jul 2019


  • Compact-Tension specimen
  • Crack propagation
  • Fatigue
  • Orthotropic bridge
  • XFEM


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