Fault-tolerant quantum computation for local leakage faults

Panos Aliferis*, Barbara M. Terhal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


We provide a rigorous analysis of fault-tolerant quantum computation in the presence of local leakage faults. We show that one can systematically deal with leakage by using appropriate leakage-reduction units such as quantum teleportation. The leakage noise is described microscopically, by Hamiltonian couplings, and the noise is treated coherently, similar to general non-Markovian noise analyzed in Refs. [1] and [2]. We describe ways to limit the use of leakage-reduction units while keeping the quantum circuits faulttolerant and we also discuss how leakage reduction by teleportation is naturally achieved in measurement-based computation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-156
Number of pages18
JournalQuantum Information and Computation
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Leakage noise
  • Quantum fault tolerance


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