Favelas and the normative, institutional Social Housing System in Brazil: discipline versus freedom, private versus public through the analysis of the unprivileged working class history

Ana Chagas Cavalcanti

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Most of today’s Brazilian Social Housing Institutional complexes are standardized mass buildings. They are planned in the periphery of cities, have no connection to public transportation systems and are disconnected from their respective local context. The planning approach to housing is compliant with ‘state simpli cation models’ which turn a blind eye from the dynamics of the informal sector. This unprecedented study demonstrates that the polarization between institutional planning and the changing needs of society continues to expose the vast inequalities between social classes. This is analysed through a historic study of the Brazilian working class system and its development over recent years. The study compares two very distinct scenarios: on one hand, social housing conceived by traditional stakeholders, institutions and real estate agencies seems to follow a disciplinary approach and segment the life of privileged workers/formal workers. On the other hand, less privileged workers are allowed to freely build their own housing. Thus, this article traces a -binary interrelation between planning for the privileged and for the unprivileged, explaining how favelas became a legitimate form of mass housing in Brazil.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationHistory Urbanism Resilience
    Subtitle of host publicationPlanning and Heritage
    EditorsCarola Hein
    PublisherDelft University of Technology
    Pages173-184
    Number of pages12
    Volume4
    ISBN (Print)978-94-92516-02-2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 7 Jul 2016
    Event17th IPHS Conference History-Urbanism-Resilience - Delft, Netherlands
    Duration: 17 Jul 201621 Jul 2016
    http://iphs2016.org/

    Publication series

    NameInternational Planning History Society Proceedings
    Number4
    Volume17
    ISSN (Print)2468-6948
    ISSN (Electronic)2468-6956

    Conference

    Conference17th IPHS Conference History-Urbanism-Resilience
    CountryNetherlands
    CityDelft
    Period17/07/1621/07/16
    Internet address

    Keywords

    • favela
    • Brazil
    • social housing history
    • working class
    • planning
    • architecture

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