Feasibility study to determine if microfracture surgery using water jet drilling is potentially safe for Talar chondral defects in a Caprine model

Aimee C. Kok, Steven den Dunnen, Kaj T.A. Lambers, Gino M.M.J. Kerkhoffs, Gabrielle J.M. Tuijthof

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
34 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objective: Surgical microfracture is considered a first-line treatment for talar osteochondral defects. However, current rigid awls and drills limit access to all locations in human joints and increase risk of heat necrosis of bone. Using a flexible water jet instrument to drill holes can improve the reachability of the defect without inducing thermal damage. The aim of this feasibility study is to determine whether water jet drilling is potentially safe compared with conventional microfracture awls by studying side effects and perioperative complications, as well as the quality of cartilage repair tissue. Design: Talar chondral defects with 6-mm diameter were created bilaterally in 6 goats (12 samples). One defect in each goat was treated with microfracture created with conventional awls, the contralateral defect was treated with holes created with 5-second water jet bursts at a pressure of 50 MPa. Postoperative complications were recorded and after 24 weeks analyses were performed using the ICRS (International Cartilage Repair Society) macroscopic score and modified O’Driscoll histological score. Results: Several practical issues using the water jet in the operating theatre were noted. Water jet drilling resulted in fibrocartilage repair tissue similar to the repair tissue from conventional awls. Conclusions: These results suggest that water jet drilling gives adequate fibrocartilage repair tissue. Furthermore, the results highlight essential prerequisites for safe application of surgical water jet drilling: stable water pressure, water jet beam coherence, stable positioning of the nozzle head when jetting, and minimizing excessive fluid extravasation.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalCartilage
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • animal models
  • ankle
  • cartilage repair
  • general
  • joint involved
  • microfracture
  • procedures
  • repair

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