Feature-preserving 3D Mesh Simplification for Urban Buildings

Minglei Li, L. Nan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)
136 Downloads (Pure)


The goal of urban building mesh simplification is to generate a compact representation of a building from a given mesh. Local smoothness and sharp contours of urban buildings are important features for converting unstructured data into solid models, which should be preserved during the simplification. In this paper, we present a general method to filter and simplify 3D building mesh models, capable of preserving piecewise planar structures and sharp features. Given a building mesh model, a mesh filtering technique is firstly designed to yield piecewise planar regions and extract crease contours. The planar regions are used to constrain the simplification of the mesh. Mesh decimation is achieved through a series of edge collapse operations, which uses regional structural constraints and local geometric error metrics to handle planar and non-planar areas respectively. The proposed method preserves the mesh structure with meaningful levels of detail while reducing the number of faces. The effectiveness of this method is evaluated on various building models generated from different observation scales, and the performance is validated by extensive comparisons to state-of-the-art techniques.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135–150
Number of pages16
JournalISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository 'You share, we take care!' - Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care

Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Edge collapse
  • Mesh filtering
  • Mesh simplification
  • Urban modelling


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