To evaluate the effectiveness of maintenance treatments for asphalt pavement, four types of treatments, including the hot in-place recycling (HIR), milling and resurfacing (M&F), thin HMA overlay (THO) and microsurfacing (MS), were analyzed. 8 highway segments, in total 491.74 km, in Jiangsu Province in China, were investigated and the data of rutting depth (RD) in their maintenance history was collected. Based on the data of RD, the effectiveness of four treatments was quantitatively compared by three indicators, namely, performance jump (PJ), deterioration rate reduction (DRR) and average deterioration reduction rate (ADRR). Moreover, the applicability of the proposed effectiveness analyses was assessed by laboratory rutting tests with field cylindrical samples. Results indicate that the HIR is the most effective treatment, followed by M&F and THO. While the MS is the least effective treatment, whose service life is only three or four years. The findings highlight the significance of the proper traffic opening time after maintenance to avoid the weakened rutting resistance caused by high-temperature mixtures, the effect of the RD before maintenance on maintenance decision-making, and the application of high-quality RAP in the timely maintenance activities. Therefore, the performance-based maintenance strategy should be establish to improve pavement performance and extend pavement service life. Further research on the pavement performance after RAP application is necessary.
- Effectiveness analysis
- Initial pavement condition
- Maintenance treatments
- Pavement maintenance
- Performance-based maintenance strategy