The locally introduced heating and cooling cycle of welding generates residual stresses and distortion. Costly post-weld heat treatments are required in order to reduce welding residual stresses and distortion. Thermal tensioning is one of the more promising in-process techniques to control welding distortion and can be classified into transient thermal tensioning (TTT) and side heating (SH). In thermal tensioning additional heat sources are applied during welding. If the additional heaters are close to the weld centre line and influence the thermal field of the weld, the process is called TTT. If there is no interference to the thermal field of the weld, the process is called SH. In this work, the SH during welding of 2 mm thick DP600 steels has been extensively investigated using numerical and experimental approaches. The thermal and mechanical fields during conventional welding and SH were examined by means of finite element models, and validated by comparison with experimental observation of temperature, distortion and residual stresses. The microstructure was investigated experimentally.
- Side heating
- Welding with additional heating
- Residual stress
- Welding distortion