Fire risk assessment tools for the built environment - An explorative study through a developers’ survey

L.H.M. Cleef*, B.F.H.J. Bouchaut, M. Yang, G.L.L.M.E. Reniers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

26 Downloads (Pure)


In the built environment, often too much focus is put on compliance instead of seeking the optimal fire-safety solution for the building. Because of a lack of tangible incentives for building owners, the benefits of implementing fire safety measures and their societal contribution are often not recognized and therefore, not considered. By means of a literature review and a survey, we have indicated necessary fire-safety related attributes and tool features and analyzed the currently available fire risk assessment tools. This study shows that a limited number of these tools can provide a partial fire risk analysis of a building. A total of 26 tools were found. No tools were found that included all the identified fire consequence-related attributes to ensure fire-safe buildings. However, we did identify 11 tools that have the potential to assess between 32 % and 52 % of the found attributes of building fire safety. To stimulate the development of such tools, this paper provides 12 factors by which to assess fire risk assessment tools – quantifying the overall ‘quality’ of the assessment tool – which can incentivize industry to refine the existing ones with enhanced predictability of the potential consequences of fire incidents.
Original languageEnglish
Article number104169
JournalFire Safety Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • Fire safety; Fire consequences; Built environment; Fire-risk assessment tool


Dive into the research topics of 'Fire risk assessment tools for the built environment - An explorative study through a developers’ survey'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this