The phenomenon of polytypism, namely unconventional crystal phases displaying a mixture of stacking sequences, represents a powerful handle to design and engineer novel physical properties in two-dimensional (2D) materials. In this work, we characterize from first-principles the optoelectronic properties associated with the 2H/3R polytypism occurring in WS2 nanomaterials by means of density functional theory (DFT) calculations. We evaluate the band gap, optical response, and energy-loss function associated with 2H/3R WS2 nanomaterials and compare our predictions with experimental measurements of electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) carried out in nanostructures exhibiting the same polytypism. Our results provide further input to the ongoing efforts toward the integration of polytypic 2D materials into functional devices.
- band gap
- density functional theory (DFT)
- energy-loss function
- two-dimensional materials