First principles phase diagram calculations, that included van der Waals interactions, were performed for the bulk transition metal dichalcogenide system (1−X)·WS2−(X)·WTe2. To obtain a converged phase diagram, a series of cluster expansion calculations were performed with increasing numbers of structural energies, (Nstr) up to Nstr=435, used to fit the cluster expansion Hamiltonian. All calculated formation energies are positive and all ground-state analyses predict that formation energies for supercells with 16 or fewer anion sites are positive; but when 150⪅Nstr⪅376, false ordered ground-states are predicted. With Nstr≥399, only a miscibility gap is predicted, but one with dramatic asymmetry opposite to what one expects from size-effect considerations; i.e. the calculations predict more solubility on the small-ion S-rich side of the diagram and less on the large-ion Te-rich side. This occurs because S-rich low-energy metastable ordered configurations have lower energies than their Te-rich counterparts which suggests that elastic relaxation effects are not dominant for the shape of the miscibility gap.
|Journal||Calphad: Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
Bibliographical noteAccepted Author Manuscript
- First principles
- Phase diagram calculation
- Transition metal dichalcogenide
- Van der Waals