Flamelesss combustion characteristics in a lab-scale furnace

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Abstract

Flameless combustion, named as Moderate or Intense Low-oxygen Dilution (MILD) combustion or high-temperature air combustion (HiTAC), is a promising technology to improve the thermal efficiency while suppressing NOx formation in combustion systems. Flameless combustion can occur when fresh air (and/or fuel) streams are sufficiently diluted by entrained combustion products before reactions take place. It has recently been experimentally studied on laboratory-scale setups because of scientific challenges, environmental concerns and its potential industrial applications. Some burning features in flameless combustion have been observed in jet-in-hot-coflow burners which use hot coflows generated by a secondary burner or diluting air with N2 or/and CO2 to mimic the diluted air which is actually diluted by burnt gases entrainment in furnaces. With the help of highspeed cameras, the time-resolved studies on such burners have been done experimentally. E. Oldenhof et al. [1] reported that the jet-in-hot-coflow flame is stabilized by autoignition kernels and the entrainment of hot oxidizer plays an important role in the formation of autoignition kernels[2]. As O2 level in coflow is reduced, reaction zone becomes less intense leading to a greater degree of partial premixing in these flames[3]. P. R. Medwell et al.[4] also concluded that large-scale vortices can lead to a weakening of the flame front or even local extinction leading to a form of partial premixing, and may contribute to the stabilization of the flameless combustion reaction zone. With low level (5% by volume) hydrogen addition in the fuel, the flame also exhibits autoignition kernels, but this was not observed at higher level (10% and 25%) hydrogen addition cases[5]. However, how can these findings be related to the flames in a furnace is still unclear because of the lack of similar experimental observations in furnace.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventCombura 2017 - Soesterberg, Netherlands
Duration: 11 Oct 201712 Oct 2017

Conference

ConferenceCombura 2017
CountryNetherlands
CitySoesterberg
Period11/10/1712/10/17

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