Flight Allocation in Shared Human-Automation En-Route Air Traffic Control

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Allocation is a challenge for higher levels of automation in air traffic control, where flights can be dynamically assigned to either a human or an automated agent. Through an exploratory experiment with six professional air traffic controllers, insight was gained into the possibilities and challenges of human-automation teamwork in an en-route environment. Participants showed high levels of automation trust, but mostly ignored automation-suggested allocations, preferring a highly automated sector instead. Most flights were delegated to automation, after they were given a direct and conflict-free path. Flights handled manually were those requiring level changes or non-standard routing. Future research should focus on establishing specifically which flights can be automated.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication21st International Symposium on Aviation Psychology
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event21st International Symposium on Aviation Psychology - Virtual/online event , United States
Duration: 18 May 202121 May 2021
Conference number: 21


Conference21st International Symposium on Aviation Psychology
Abbreviated titleISAP 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States
Internet address


  • Air traffic control
  • Human-automation interaction


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  • Stanley N. Roscoe Best Student Paper Award

    de Rooij, G. (Recipient), Borst, C. (Recipient), van Paassen, M.M. (Recipient) & Mulder, M. (Recipient), 21 May 2021

    Prize: Prize (including medals and awards)

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