The increase of inter-particle cohesive force greatly changes the fluidization dynamics, finally leading to the partial or complete failure of fluidization. However, few studies concern such transition process. This paper investigates the fluidization dynamics of Geldart B particles with a wide-range of cohesive force by analyzing the in-bed pressure fluctuation signals. Combining the bubble information reported in Part I, the local and global fluidization dynamics under different cohesive forces were discussed. The results show that bulk bubble dynamics is weaken with the presence of inter-particle cohesive force. As the force increases, fluidization changes from multi-bubbling regime to single-bubble regime and the factor governing the pressure fluctuation changes from bubble formation to bubble eruption. When the cohesive force is strong, slugging appears near the bed surface, then gradually extends toward the bottom bed by capturing freely fluidizing particles, and finally develops into the whole-bed slugging. At this time, regular fluidization turns into an alternative process between whole-bed slugging and regular status, corresponding to two distinct peaks in power spectral density of pressure signals at 0.1 Hz and 1 Hz respectively. The size of gas slug decreases with the elevation of measurement height. Basically, any operations that promote bubble growth will also facilitate the appearance of whole-bed slugging under strong cohesive force. Reducing the static bed height is a preferable approach to weaken, or even avoid the defluidization of whole-bed slugging, without changing other operational parameters.
|Journal||Chemical Engineering Journal|
|Publication status||Published - 2019|
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- Cohesive particle
- Pressure fluctuation