Focus stacking photogrammetry for micro-scale roughness reconstruction: A methodological study

Marcin Olkowicz*, Marcin Dabrowski, Anne Pluymakers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)


In close-range applications, it is unclear whether optical photogrammetry is capable of accurately reconstructing submillimetre-scale roughness. This paper presents a study of fine-scale rock fracture roughness measurements with a careful assessment of the error. The workflow combines the techniques of structure from motion with focus stacking, using consumer-grade equipment and free or affordable software. The approach is tested firstly with synthetic data to check the influence of the number and position of cameras, object texture and image processing using focus stacking. Secondly, the optimised workflow is used to measure a natural shale rock fracture surface. To estimate the accuracy, the results were compared with a high-precision reference dataset provided by white-light interferometry. The standard deviation of error in the method is 6·5 μm, and is related with morphological structures with wavelengths below 150 μm and amplitudes smaller than 10 μm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-35
Number of pages25
JournalPhotogrammetric Record
Issue number165
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project

Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • accuracy
  • close range photogrammetry
  • focus stacking
  • roughness
  • shale rock fracture
  • structure from motion


Dive into the research topics of 'Focus stacking photogrammetry for micro-scale roughness reconstruction: A methodological study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this