Frame Game as Teaching Methodology in Higher Education: The Case of RElastiCity

G. Bekebrede*, C.J. Champlin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

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The objective of the study is to illustrate the use of the frame game, RElastiCity as a framework to learn about the resilience of urban areas and the shocks and stresses in those areas. The question is if use of the frame game as a basis for game co-design is a useful approach to explore complex systems and its dynamics. This study covers the exploratory application of the approach in two university courses in the Netherlands. The results show divergent student experiences between the two courses. The main difference between the courses was the scope of the co-design assignment and the amount of time students had to complete the design process. It was found that using frame games as a framework for understanding complex systems is useful if students have sufficient time to investigate the topic, develop the game and playtest the game.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGaming, Simulation and Innovations
Subtitle of host publicationChallenges and Opportunities - 52nd International Simulation and Gaming Association Conference, ISAGA 2021, Revised Selected Papers
EditorsUpinder Dhar, Jigyasu Dubey, Vinod Dumblekar, Sebastiaan Meijer, Heide Lukosch
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-031-09959-5
ISBN (Print)978-3-031-09958-8
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event52nd Annual Conference of International Simulation and Gaming Association: Gaming, Simulation and Innovations: Challenges and Opportunities - Indore, India
Duration: 6 Sep 202110 Sep 2021
Conference number: 52

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference52nd Annual Conference of International Simulation and Gaming Association
Abbreviated titleSAGA2021
Internet address

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository 'You share, we take care!' - Taverne project
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Co-design
  • Complex systems
  • Frame game
  • Teaching method
  • Urban resilience

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