Free Energy Principle for State and Input Estimation of a Quadcopter Flying in Wind

F.R.R.C. Bos, Ajith Anil Meera*, Dennis Benders, Martijn Wisse

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference proceedings/Edited volumeConference contributionScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
25 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The free energy principle from neuroscience provides a brain-inspired perception scheme through a data-driven model learning algorithm called Dynamic Expectation Maximization (DEM). This paper aims at introducing an exper-imental design to provide the first experimental confirmation of the usefulness of DEM as a state and input estimator for real robots. Through a series of quadcopter flight experiments under unmodelled wind dynamics, we prove that DEM can leverage the information from colored noise for accurate state and input estimation through the use of generalized coordinates. We demonstrate the superior performance of DEM for state es-timation under colored noise with respect to other benchmarks like State Augmentation, SMIKF and Kalman Filtering through its minimal estimation error. We demonstrate the similarities in the performance of DEM and Unknown Input Observer (UIO) for input estimation. The paper concludes by showing the influence of prior beliefs in shaping the accuracy-complexity trade-off during DEM's estimation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2022
PublisherIEEE
Pages5389-5395
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-9681-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event39th IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2022 - Philadelphia, United States
Duration: 23 May 202227 May 2022

Conference

Conference39th IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, ICRA 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia
Period23/05/2227/05/22

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository 'You share, we take care!' - Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care
Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.

Keywords

  • Estimation error
  • Neuroscience
  • Filtering
  • Heuristic algorithms
  • Robot kinematics
  • Observers
  • Benchmark testing

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