Freedom from the tyranny of neighbourhood: Rethinking sociospatial context effects

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Abstract

Theory behind neighbourhood effects suggests that people’s spatial context potentially affects individual outcomes across multiple scales and geographies. We argue that neighbourhood effects research needs to break away from the ‘tyranny’ of neighbourhood and consider alternative ways to measure the wider sociospatial context of people, placing individuals at the centre of the approach. We review theoretical and empirical approaches to place and space from diverse disciplines, and explore the geographical scopes of neighbourhood effects mechanisms. Ultimately, we suggest how microgeographic data can be used to operationalise sociospatial context, where data pragmatism should be supplanted by a theory-driven data exploration.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages21
JournalProgress in Human Geography
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • bespoke neighbourhoods
  • microgeographic data
  • neighbourhood effects
  • sociospatial context
  • spatial scale

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