From national vision to implementation: governance challenges in sustainable agriculture transitions in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta region

Ellen Minkman, Hong Quan Nguyen*, Tang Luu, Kim Khoi Dang, Sy Linh Nguyen, Haomiao Du, Tanya Huizer, Jeroen Rijke

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This study identifies how the governance of the transition to sustainable agriculture in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta is constrained by a lack of leadership, coordination, and funding. The Vietnamese Mekong Delta region is an important agricultural region yet highly vulnerable to climate change. In 2017, the Government of Vietnam issued Resolution 120, which calls for a transition towards sustainable development and climate change resilient agriculture in the delta. We evaluated the governance of implementing this resolution using an established transition governance framework, based on policy document analysis, ethnographic observations and interviews with national government agencies and ten departments in the delta provinces An Giang and Ben Tre. The analysis indicates that delays are caused by fragmented central government leadership and that friction exists between top-down plans and bottom-up action taken by the provinces in the delta. The transition is further constrained by the absence of inter-provincial coordination and funding mechanisms. Overall, this study shows that the required governance structure exists on paper but highlights how an insufficient governance process constrains climate change adaptation in Vietnam.
Original languageEnglish
Article number35
JournalRegional Environmental Change
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Agriculture transformation
  • Climate resilience
  • Sustainable development
  • Transition governance
  • Vietnamese Mekong Delta

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