From Paris Agreement to action: Enhancing climate change familiarity and situation awareness

Abby Muricho Onencan, Bartel Van de Walle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
19 Downloads (Pure)


The Paris Agreement was a monumental stride towards global climate change governance. It unlocked the climate change gridlock, introducing country-subjective commitments and a five-year review mechanism. To support the implementation of the Paris Agreement, we designed the Nzoia WeShareIt climate change game. Game sessions were conducted in June and July 2015, and 35 respondents completed a pre- and post-game situation awareness (SA) questionnaire and an in-game performance measurement system. The questionnaire uses a 10-dimensional situation awareness rating technique (SART). Subsequently, we conducted a factorial MANOVA (multivariate analysis of variance) to assess the interaction effects between familiarity, team, and gender. Results indicate an increase in situation awareness. However, policymakers' action was not contingent on the increased SA only, there was a significant interaction effect between familiarity and SA, to lead to climate change actions. Therefore, we recommend more emphasis on the role of familiarity in enhancing SA and, subsequently, supporting the implementation to the Paris five-year review country commitments. We also recommend the increased usage of symbols and capacity development of policymakers on connective capacity to enable them to span the climate change boundaries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1929
Number of pages30
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Climate change disaster risk reduction
  • Familiarity
  • Gender
  • Metaphors
  • Policy games
  • Situation awareness
  • Stories
  • Symbols
  • Synecdoche
  • Team cooperation
  • Water governance
  • OA-Fund TU Delft

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