From Structure to Function: Understanding Synthetic Conditions in Relation to Magnetic Properties of Hybrid Pd/Fe-Oxide Nanoparticles

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Abstract

Heterostructured magnetic nanoparticles show great potential for numerous applications in biomedicine due to their ability to express multiple functionalities in a single structure. Magnetic properties are generally determined by the morphological characteristics of nanoparticles, such as the size/shape, and composition of the nanocrystals. These in turn are highly dependent on the
synthetic conditions applied. Additionally, incorporation of a non-magnetic heterometal influences the final magnetic behavior. Therefore, construction of multifunctional hybrid nanoparticles with preserved magnetic properties represents a certain nanotechnological challenge. Here, we focus on palladium/iron oxide nanoparticles designed for combined brachytherapy, the internal form of radiotherapy, and MRI-guided hyperthermia of tumors. The choice of palladium forming the nanoparticle core is envisioned for the eventual radiolabeling with 103Pd to enable the combination of hyperthermia with brachytherapy, the latter being beyond the scope of the present study. At this
stage, we investigated the synthetic mechanisms and their effects on the final magnetic properties of the hybrid nanoparticles. Thermal decomposition was applied for the synthesis of Pd/Fe-oxide nanoparticles via both, one-pot and seed-mediated processes. The latter method was found to provide better control over morphology of the nanoparticles and was therefore examined closely by varying reaction conditions. This resulted in several batches of Pd/Fe-oxide nanoparticles, whose magnetic properties were evaluated, revealing the most relevant synthetic parameters leading to promising performance in hyperthermia and MRI.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3649
Number of pages22
JournalNanomaterials
Volume12
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • hybrid nanoparticles
  • iron oxide
  • palladium
  • hermal decomposition
  • magnetization
  • superparamagnetism
  • hyperthermia
  • heating power

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