Fully charged: An empirical study into the factors that influence connection times at EV-charging stations

Rick Wolbertus*, Maarten Kroesen, Robert van den Hoed, Caspar Chorus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)
30 Downloads (Pure)


This study is the first to systematically and quantitatively explore the factors that determine, the length of charging sessions at public charging stations for electric vehicles in urban areas, with, particular emphasis placed on the combined parking- and charging-related determinants of connection, times. We use a unique and large data set – containing information concerning 2.6 million charging, sessions of 64,000 (i.e., 60% of) Dutch EV-users – in which both private users and taxi and car sharing, vehicles are included; thus representing a large variation in charging duration behaviour. Using, multinomial logistic regression techniques, we identify key factors explaining heterogeneity in charging, duration behaviour across charging stations. We show how these explanatory variables can be used to, predict EV-charging behaviour in urban areas and we derive preliminary implications for policy-makers, and planners who aim to optimize types and size of charging infrastructure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalEnergy Policy
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Green Open Access added to TU Delft Institutional Repository ‘You share, we take care!’ – Taverne project https://www.openaccess.nl/en/you-share-we-take-care Otherwise as indicated in the copyright section: the publisher is the copyright holder of this work and the author uses the Dutch legislation to make this work public.


  • Charging infrastructure
  • Connection times
  • Electric vehicles

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