Functionally graded Inconel 718 processed by additive manufacturing: Crystallographic texture, anisotropy of microstructure and mechanical properties

Vera Popovich, E.V. Borisov, A.A. Popovich, V.S. Sufiiarov, D.V. Masaylo, Laurie Alzina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

164 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Additive manufacturing offers a unique way of anisotropic microstructure control with a high degree of design freedom. This study demonstrates that application of suitable process parameters and laser sources in selective laser melting may favour either one sharp single component texture, more uniformly distributed crystal orientation, or a combination of the above in a preferred gradient, which influence the mechanical properties. It is shown that transitions in microstructure, texture, and properties in fabricated Inconel 718 functionally graded components can be obtained at relatively small or large length scales, depending upon the functional gradient desired in a particular application. Results obtained by electron backscatter diffraction showed distinct regions of coarse elongated grains with a strong (001) orientation uniformly embedded in randomly distributed fine grained matrix. Mechanical tests in the form of hardness, tensile and in-situ digital image correlation tests showed steep transitions in the developed Inconel gradients. The observed mechanical properties were found to be primarily dependent on the grain size and texture and are superior to the cast samples for both laser sources. The developed process strategy can be further applied to design functional gradients with selected tailored properties and to account for directional anisotropy of solidified components.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-449
JournalMaterials & Design
Volume114
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Additive manufacturing
  • Ni-base alloys
  • Crystallographic texture
  • Functional grading

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