We investigate the existence of specific/nonthermal microwave effects for the dehydration reaction of xylose to furfural in the presence of NaCl. Such effects are reported for sugars dehydration reactions in several literature reports. To this end, we adopted three approaches that compare microwave-assisted experiments with a) conventional heating experiments from the literature; b) simulated conventional heating experiments using microwave-irradiated silicon carbide (SiC) vials; and at c) different power levels but the same temperature by using forced cooling. No significant differences in the reaction kinetics are observed using any of these methods. However, microwave heating still proves advantageous as it requires 30 % less forward power compared to conventional heating (SiC vial) to achieve the same furfural yield at a laboratory scale.
|Journal||ChemSusChem (Print): chemistry & sustainability, energy & materials|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
Bibliographical noteAccepted Author Manuscript. Title of manuscript = Microwave-assisted furfural synthesis from D-xylose in the presence of NaCl: Comparison between microwave heating and conventional heating
- microwave heating
- nonthermal effects
- sodium chloride
- xylose dehydration