Gender-Ethnicity Intersectionality in Climate Change Adaptation in the Coastal Areas of Bangladesh

Mohammad Assaduzzaman*, Tatiana Filatova, Jon C. Lovett, Frans H.J.M. Coenen

*Corresponding author for this work

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Climate change effects are not uniform and have disproportionate impacts among different groups of people within communities. It is therefore important to understand the underlying issues of intersectionality for climate change adaptation and human well-being. This paper aims to measure human capabilities and freedom of choice by analyzing perceived climate change impacts and current climate change adaptation ability among ethnic and non-ethnic communities in Bangladesh. This study applies a range of participatory rural appraisal tools and key informant interviews to assess impacts of climate change when considering gender and ethnicity. Women in the coastal regions have less access to resources and services because of social capital and cultural practices and this directly or indirectly influences their adaptation to climate change. Women have limited or no participation in decision-making processes at family or community levels and this impacts their vulnerability and well-being. In consequence, women’s capabilities must be focused on moderating their vulnerability and risk, and developing effective adaptation to the adverse impacts of climate change and natural hazards.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3744
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Bangladesh
  • capability approach
  • climate change adaptation
  • coastal regions
  • ethnicity
  • gender
  • intersectionality


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